Bunions are a common reason patients are referred to see a foot and ankle specialist. So, what exactly is a bunion? And how can they be treated?
The following is a brief presentation on bunions put together by one of our foot and ankle surgeons. It provides an overview of what a bunion is, why they hurt and how they are treated. You can also find more of that information on this page.
None of the above interventions prevent the formation or progression of bunions.
There are a variety of surgeries that can be done to correct bunion deformities. They all involve different combinations of bone removal, realigning bones, releasing and adjusting soft tissues. Sometimes the joint is even fused. Although the joint doesn’t move anymore, the foot stays straight.
Recovery from surgery can be painful and take from 6 months to 1 year for all of the swelling to go away. Depending on the type of surgery you had you may not be able to put full weight on your foot for several weeks.
When purchasing shoes, walk around in them for a while.
Try shoes on at the end of the day when your feet are likely to be largest.
Select shoes based on how they feel, not the size of the shoe.
Have your feet measured – as we get older, our feet get larger. Our feet also generally increase by a size after pregnancy.
Often our feet are not the same size. Select shoes that fit your larger foot.
Do not purchase shoes that feel too tight. Shoes do not often stretch to fit your foot.
Ensure that there is space at the end of the shoe for your longest toe (approximately a ½ inch).
Shoes should have a wide toe box and be shaped like your foot.
The ball of your foot should fit into the widest part of your shoe.
Your heel should fit nicely in the shoe, ensure that there is minimal slippage.
Choose shoes that are made of a soft material such as leather.
Keep in mind that slip-on shoes often need to be tighter in order to stay on the foot. However, ensure they are not too tight. Lace-up shoes are a better option because they don’t squish the end of your foot. Avoid pointed shoes for this same reason.
High heels are like a slide, pushing your toes into the end of your shoe.
Select for comfort, NOT for fashion!
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The Edmonton Bone and Joint Centre (EBJC) is a private, not-for-profit clinic. We partner with Alberta Health Services and the Alberta Bone and Joint Institute to provide both surgical and non-surgical care for patients with musculoskeletal issues.
Where to find us
Our clinics are located on the second floor of Northgate Centre, above Walmart. Free parking is available. We look forward to seeing you!